October 13, 2007
Second Life and the law of unintended consequences
Second Life was hailed as the new new thing just a moment ago, it seems, but lately appears to have dropped off the charts.
Long story short: All the businesses that thought they'd establish virtual storefronts and offices there have found that, to paraphrase the Bizarro World Yogi Berra, nobody goes there anymore — it's too uncrowded.
Second Life is simply too clunky and difficult for prime time — but that doesn't mean it won't be huge anyway, in the long run.
Rob Stein's October 6, 2007 Washington Post front page story about how the virtual world is a boon to those with limitations in the real one was a real eye-opener for me, and follows.
- Real Hope in a Virtual World
Online Identities Leave Limitations Behind
After suffering a devastating stroke four years ago, Susan Brown was left in a wheelchair with little hope of walking again. Today, the 57-year-old Richmond woman has regained use of her legs and has begun to reclaim her life, thanks in part to encouragement she says she gets from an online "virtual world" where she can walk, run and even dance.
Roberto Salvatierra, long imprisoned in his home by his terror over going outdoors, has started venturing outside more after gaining confidence by first tentatively exploring the three-dimensional, interactive world on the Internet.
John Dawley III, who has a form of autism that makes it hard to read social cues, learned how to talk with people more easily by using his computer-generated alter ego to practice with other cyber-personas.
Brown, Salvatierra and Dawley are just a few examples of an increasing number of sick, disabled and troubled people who say virtual worlds are helping them fight their diseases, live with their disabilities and sometimes even begin to recover. Researchers say they are only starting to appreciate the impact of this phenomenon.
"We're at a major technical and social transition with this technology. It has very recently started to become a very big deal, and we haven't by any means digested what the implications are," said William Sims Bainbridge, a social scientist at the National Science Foundation.
In addition to helping individual patients, virtual worlds are being used for a host of other health-related purposes. Medical schools are using them to train doctors. Health departments are using them to test first responders. Researchers are using them to gain insights into how epidemics spread. Health groups are using them to educate the public and raise money.
These increasingly sophisticated online worlds enable people to create rich virtual lives through "avatars" — identities they can tailor to their desires: Old people become young. Infirm people become vibrant. Paralyzed people become agile.
They walk, run, and even fly and "teleport" around vast realms offering shopping malls, bars, homes, parks and myriad other settings with trees swaying in the wind, fog rolling in and an occasional deer prancing past. They schmooze, flirt and comfort one another using lifelike shrugs, slouches, nods and other gestures while they type instant messages or talk directly through headsets.
Because the full-color, multifaceted nature of the experience offers so much more "emotional bandwidth" than traditional Web sites, e-mail lists and discussion groups, users say the experience can feel astonishingly real. Participants develop close relationships and share intimate details even while, paradoxically, remaining anonymous. Some say they open up in ways they never would in face-to-face encounters in real support groups, therapy sessions, or even with family and close friends in their true lives.
"You're in this imaginary world. People don't know much about who you really are. In that anonymity, in that almost dreamlike state, people express things about themselves they may not otherwise," said John Suler, who studies the psychology of the Internet at Rider University in New Jersey, noting the experience can be especially useful for people with disabilities and those in remote areas where support groups or therapists are far away.
While the emergence of these worlds has generated controversy over the gender-bending, sexually outrageous, profiteering and even violent virtual behavior of some participants, their usefulness for meeting health needs has just begun to draw attention.
"There is a fundamental irony here," said Thomas H. Murray of the Hastings Center, a medical ethics think tank in Garrison, N.Y. "Avatars tend to be young, beautiful, and never age or get sick. But at the same time they can serve as an important way to share information about health."
Murray and others, however, worry that participants may neglect potentially more helpful real-life relationships, or have unrealistic expectations about what virtual worlds can do. Users and health-care providers may be rushing ahead, they say, without validating the usefulness of these worlds or identifying the dangers.
"We've seen the power of the Internet and what it can do," said Albert "Skip" Rizzo, a University of Southern California psychologist who treats traumatized Iraq war veterans with virtual reality. "But as we all know there can also be negative consequences. We really need to step back and think, 'What are the practical and ethical things we can do in the area of health, and what can't we do?' "
The emotional punch of virtual worlds make them fertile breeding grounds for false, misleading and possibly dangerous information. Sick, lonely and psychologically fragile people are particularly vulnerable.
"You have the same risks as elsewhere on the Internet," Murray said. "A lot of the information is garbage. There is always the possibility fraudsters will try to gain people's confidence to peddle phony cures or otherwise do things that are not in people's interests."
Still, an increasing number of major health organizations are trying to take advantage of virtual worlds for public health education, patient support and fundraising.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tested a small "office" in the popular virtual world Second Life "staffed" by Hygeia Philo, an avatar named after the Greek goddess of health, and is now planning a bigger, permanent presence. The American Cancer Society has an elaborate "island" offering virtual lectures by avatar doctors, support group meetings and other activities, such as an annual fundraising marathons that last year raised more than $115,000 in real money. The March of Dimes is building a virtual neonatal intensive-care unit to warn about the dangers of preterm births. The National Library of Medicine is helping fund HealthInfo Island, where users can get reliable medical information.
Meanwhile, scientists are beginning to study virtual worlds for insights into real-life health problems. Two teams analyzed a virtual epidemic of "corrupted blood" that devastated the World of Warfare online game for clues to how people might react during a real pandemic. Another examined a pox that infects avatars in a children's virtual world called Whyville, which the CDC is using to learn better ways to boost pediatric flu vaccination rates in the real world.
Medical schools and health departments have also started using virtual worlds. A University of California psychiatrist developed a virtual psych ward echoing with disembodied voices to help caregivers better understand schizophrenia. Stanford University doctors built virtual operating and emergency rooms to train young doctors. Britain's National Health Service constructed an entire virtual hospital.
So much is happening in virtual worlds that researchers at Harvard Medical School are planning to explore the possibilities at a seminar later this month, and the National Defense University in Washington is hosting a conference next month about ways that federal agencies, including the CDC and the National Institutes of Health, can use the phenomenon.
Individual practitioners, meanwhile, are discovering virtual worlds on their own. After meeting other health-care professionals in Second Life, which with 9 million members is among the largest, Lawrence Whitehurst, a family doctor in Culpeper, Va., founded the Second Life Medical Association.
"I don't diagnose, and I don't treat. What I try to do is provide medical advice and support for people undergoing real-world medical problems," Whitehurst said.
Some therapists, however, have started using virtual worlds to treat patients for a host of problems, in both their real and virtual lives.
"It doesn't work for everybody, but it works for a large majority of patients," said Brenda Wiederhold of the Virtual Reality Medical Center in San Diego, who uses the virtual world DigitalSpace to help patients overcome fear of public speaking and severe shyness.
While Wiederhold said she treats only patients she has counseled in her office first, others are offering therapy to patients they have never met or know little about.
"My clients' problems range from domestic love tangles to complex and difficult real life situations," Elena Mangan, who counsels patients anonymously in Second Life from Britain, wrote in an e-mail.
Such anonymous counseling disturbs many therapists. Internet therapy denies counselors vital clues from subtle body language, affect and tone of voice, they say. And anonymity can carry risks.
"How do you ensure the patient's safety?" said Richard Bedrosian, a clinical psychologist at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. "Suppose they say, 'I'm going to shoot my girlfriend or kill myself.' How do you protect that person? How do you intervene?"
But the biggest users of virtual worlds for health purposes so far appear to be individual patients. Dozens of support groups have formed by and for those with cancer, paralysis, strokes, depression, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, autism and other ailments.
Susan Brown, the stroke victim, said encouragement from other survivors in Dreams, one of several protected areas in Second Life for people with disabilities, and the experience of seeing herself walking again, aided her recovery.
"It helped me visualize," Brown said through her avatar, Marie Hightower, during an interview in a virtual field near a virtual home she built in Dreams, as virtual butterflies flitted past. "I stumbled here just like I stumbled in RL [real life]," she typed.
Salvatierra, the agoraphobic, Dawley, the patient with Asperger syndrome, and others tell similar stories.
"It's kind of like getting your life back again, but even better in some ways," said Kathie Olson, 53, who uses a wheelchair, lives alone and rarely leaves her home near Salt Lake City. In Second Life, she roams about as Kat Klata, a curvy young brunette who runs the Dragon Inn nightclub. "I've met so many people. I can walk. I can dance. I can even fly. Without this I'd just be staring at four walls. Mentally it's helped me so much."
For Stephanie Koslow, 48, of Poughkeepsie, N.Y., her virtual life is helping sustain her as she fights advanced breast cancer.
"It's not real, but it's real in a way," said Koslow, whose avatar is a pink fox named Artistic Fimicoloud. "I might spend an afternoon trying on silly wings and laughing with friends. And laughter heals."
Copper Polish CU29 Chair — by Tom Dixon
Price upon application.
Best dress of the year
As Guy Trebay, in a October 7, 2007 New York Times magazine story, described it, "At Jil Sander, the designer Raf Simons showed a sleek, sculptural dress with a network of tightly constructed pleats that converged at the small of the back. It was as if the garment were an attempt by this cerebral designer to externalize the nerve-rich anatomical crossroads that tantric texts describe as the seat of erotic power and, provided you hit the correct button, of bliss."
Black wool with sun-ray detail.
$1,875 at Bergdorf Goodman.
Guy Trebay stands above and apart from the rest of the fashion writer pack — always has and always will.
Rainbow In My Room
From the website:
- Rainbow In My Room
This fantastic projector creates an arced rainbow across a darkened room using multi-colored LED lights.
Simply wave your hand and it turns on — perfect on the bedside table of a night-shy child or accenting your next cocktail party.
Requires 4 AAA batteries or an AC adapter (neither included).
Ages 5 and up.
Susan Sontag defines mashups — in 1977
From "On Photography": "Photography does not simply reproduce the real, it recycles it — a key procedure of modern society. In the form of photographic images, things and events are put to new uses, assigned new meanings which go beyond the distinctions between the beautiful and the ugly, the true and false, the useful and the useless, good taste and bad."
"In the form of a photograph the explosion of an A-bomb can be used to advertise a safe."
[via Noam Cohen and the New York Times]
Blast from the past: Self-coiling downspout diverter
It was strange when it first saw the light of day here back on June 6, 2005, and it's just as weird today.
Without furthur ado, then, the post.
Self–Coiling Downspout Diverter
Is it alive?
It sits — dormant, coiled and quiet.
Then it begins to rain.
Water accumulates in the gutter, then makes its way down the spout — but then the Self–Coiling Downspout Diverter comes to life.
It slowly unfurls to its full three–foot–long majesty, all the while spraying water from its otherworldly head.
Then, when the rain stops, the beast curls back up into its dormant position until nature next nurtures it.
7.5" x 46" long.
For $9.99 you can own one.
Ambiguity is the guiding principle of the 21st century and this green, seemingly autonomous device is a fitting symbol for what we must learn to live with.
If it makes you feel better you can give it either a female or male name: it doesn't seem to have the same sort of emotions as the carbon–based wetware we normally employ as pets.
'Russ Walter is a piece of work' — Episode 2: He's back (but then, I'm sure he'll point out that he never left)
No matter, I just received his announcement that the new 30th Edition of "The Secret Guide to Computers" and the new second edition of "Tricky Living" have just been published.
Long story short: Russ Walter is the antithesis of the typical author.
I featured him and his work back on March 5, 2005, but unlike me, he's actually done something of value since then, namely producing new editions of his legendary works.
Proof, quoting the just-received heads-up from his world headquarters in Manchester, New Hampshire, follows.
- Free phone help
Whenever you have a question about computers — or life — get free help by phoning me at my New Hampshire home (603-666-6644).
Phone day or night, 24 hours: I'm usually in and sleep just lightly.
I'll help you get computer discounts, use software, fix software, fix your computer, write programs, develop your career, manage personal relationships, do homework, edit your writing, and master hundreds of other topics covered in the books.
I have just three restrictions:
1) I can't read the books on the phone (but I can tell you which pages to read)
2) I can't help you do bad things (such as use pirated software)
3) I'm limited to an average of 7 minutes per call (but you can call often)
But wait, there's more:
- Drop in
Drop in anytime, 24 hours.
We're in Manchester, New Hampshire.
Come use our free library, which contains the world's best books & magazines about computer secrets & tricky living.
Phone us first at 603-666-6644, and use these directions:
• Take Interstate 93 to New Hampshire's Exit 8
• At the exit ramp's end, turn left (onto Wellington Road)
• Exactly 1 mile ahead, turn right (at the Governor's Hill sign) onto Tiffany Lane
• We're the second building on the right, #196
Now do you believe me?
"The Secret Guide to Computers" costs $20 and "Tricky Living" is $10, both here.
Sona Anti-Snoring Pillow
But wait, there's more: It even helps with sleep apnea — at least, that's the claim.
From the website:
Clinically tested, it's designed to stop snoring and mild sleep apnea.
No prescription needed!
If you suffer from snoring or mild sleep apnea, you owe it to yourself (and your partner) to switch to the patented Sona anti-snoring pillow.
Designed by renowned neurologist Najeeb Zuberi, M.D. and sleep-tested in clinical trials, the Sona Pillow lets you sleep comfortably on your side, positioning your jaw and neck to help keep your airway open.
A better night’s sleep — for both you and your partner!
Better yet, the Sona anti-snoring pillow may help you awake more refreshed and feel more energized throughout your whole day.
Patented dual channel design lets you sleep comfortably on your left or right side.
Includes specially designed pillowcase.
Now, if you can only figure out a way to stay in the position of function shown above for the entire night — you're money.